Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande: Historic Domain in the Medoc
Historic property in the Medoc, Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande was created in the 17th century by Pierre de Mazure de Rauzan, a true role player in the history of Bordeaux wine. The Chateau didn’t receive its current name until Virginie, daughter of Joseph de Pichon Longueville and her husband the Count de Lalande, gave her name to the castle. The family remained owners of the property for 250 years.
Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande: It all started in the 17th century
The Medoc region is historically a marshland, hostile to many forms of plants. In the 1680s, Pierre de Mazure de Rauzan saw extraordinary potential for vine growing and decided to purchase 40 parcels of land in Saint Lambert, right next to Pauillac; the estate was born. Joseph de Pichon from Longueville, only 19 in 1779, took the reins of the castle until his death at 90 years old. He was a hard worker and contributed greatly to improving the quality of his wines. The castle reached a pinnacle in 1855, after it was named a Classified Second Growth. Just before his death, he shared his estate with his 5 children. Virginie Pichon Longueville, wife of the Count and daughter of Joseph, worked with the architect Duphot to build a magnificent building inspired by the Hotel de Lalande in Bordeaux. Since 1860, she was responsible for administering her shares and those of her sisters. She decided to create her own estate: Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande.
After Joseph de Lalande’s death, the castle underwent a difficult period. The estate was passed around distant members of the family. The First World War reinforced the weakening of the vineyards and the estate was put up for sale. Edouard and Louis Miailhe, from a family of Bordeaux brokers, decided to buy it back in 1925. Edouard’s daughter, May Eliane de Lencquesaing, became the new owner. Respecting the know-how and tradition of Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande, she revitalized the vineyard. May Eliane carried out major modernisations, in order to meet the growing demand and develop the castle’s fame throughout the world.
Always anxious to ensure the future of the property, May Eliane de Lencquesaing decided to sell Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande to Maison Louis Roederer in 2007. Maison Louis Roederer is also a family-owned business and is directed by Frederic Rouzeau. Today, the historical know-how and respect for the terroir are still respected on the perpetual quest for prestige and perfection.
Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande: A Diverse Terroir
The vineyard covers an area of 89 hectares, originally just 11 in the Saint-Julien appellation. The other parcels, from Pauillac, are quite diverse and grant the wines their unequivocal complexity and character. The vines take advantage of soil that allow them to reveal their full potential. They are planted on hillsides with gravel and clay from the Garonne. The climate in the Medoc also plays a large roll on the wines from Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande. The vineyards thrive in a temperate micro-climate, located between the Atlantic Ocean and the Gironde, which is ideal for perfect maturation of the grapes.
The Arrival of Maison Louis Roederer: Revival of Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande
The vines are still undergoing restructuring. Recently planted grape varieties are 45% Cabernet Sauvignon, 35% Merlot, 24% Cabernet Franc and 8% Petit Verdot. Since the arrival of Maison Louis Roederer, a lot of research has been done and a replanting plan scheduled to take 15 years has been created. In the long term, the chateau expects to have 60% Cabernet Sauvignon, 29% Merlot, 7% Cabernet France and 4% Petit Verdot.
Maison Louis Roderer has also worked on the design of a ultra-modern vat from August 2012 to September 2013, which permits separate vinification of each plot. The grapes are poured directly into the vats from above without pumping, respecting the integrity of the grapes. Thanks to this colossal project, the property is equipped with 63 tanks (51 stainless steel, 12 wooden). Recent investments add to the already outstanding know-how of the property, perfectly marrying tradition and modernity.
Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande 2010
The 2010 vintage of Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande is an exceptionally elegant wine from Pauillac. Its aromas are fruity and fresh, a precise combination of density and intensity. There are powerful fruit aromas: cherry, blackberry and raspberry with hints of cinnamon and violets. In the mouth, the attack is precise and invigorating. The wine has a superb structure, both full and firm. The tannins are voluminous and show a staggering amount of finesse. The 2010 vintage of Chateau Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande is a beautifully majestic wine.